Francisco Hernandez-Ibarra, Deborah Dultzin, Yair Krongold, Ascencion Del Olmo, Jaime Perea, Jesus Gonzalez
Nuclear Activity In Isolated Galaxies [PDF]
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1206.6777
We present a spectroscopic study of the incidence of AGN nuclear activity in two samples of isolated galaxies (Karachentseva, V.E. & Varela, J.). Our results show that the incidence of non-thermal nuclear activity is about 43% and 31% for galaxies with emission lines and for the total sample 40% and 27% respectively. For the first time we have a large number of bona-fide isolated galaxies (513 objects), with statistically significant number of all types. We find a clear relation between bulge mass and the incidence of nuclear activity in the sample with emission lines. This relation becomes flatter when we take into account the complete sample with no emission line galaxies. A large fration ($\sim$70%) of elliptical galaxies or early type spirals have an active galactic nucleus and $\sim$70% of them are LINERs. Only 3% of the AGN show the presence of broad lines (a not a single one can be classified as type 1 AGN). This is a remarkable result which is completely at odds with the unified model even if we consider warped or clumpy tori. Finally, we interpretation the large fration of AGN in isolated galaxies as the result of secular evolution of their supermasive black holes.